Any substance that may be utilized in architecture is referred to as a construction material. Wood, concrete, steel, cement, aggregates, bricks, clay, metal, and a variety of other materials are widely used. People used to build using pure bricks, wood, or straw in the past. But now, Engineers have learnt to match and pair the correct elements to create higher-quality constructions in the modern era.
Numerous man-made materials have been developed in recent years, some of which are synthetic. Even though not natural, some are utilized to build eco-friendly dwellings, such as 3D houses, that meet environmental building regulations. A quality building can be built using any construction materials. However, this is dependent on how they are employed in the construction process. This is why construction managers and site engineers must thoroughly research the materials required for their initiatives.
Types of construction materials
Natural building materials, such as timber or glass, are unprocessed or barely modified. Synthetic construction materials, on the other hand, are created and subjected to numerous human alterations. Plastics and petroleum-based paints are two examples.
Mud, stone, and fibre plants are three of the most commonly used construction materials, in addition to timber. Other than tents and skin, builders frequently mix these three to produce dwellings that can survive local weather changes.
In most cases, stone is employed as the primary building material, with mud being used to fill in the gaps between them. Stone is the organic counterpart of normal concrete or bricks in contemporary building, whereas mud is the substitute to cement. Mud also works as a natural insulator for a construction.
The wattle and daub technique, which uses moist soil, sand, clay, straw, and animal waste as construction materials, is an example of a natural method of construction.
Cement composites have discovered a new application in 3D building, while they were previously exclusively utilized as binders for wood or fibres.
Hydrated cement paste is used to make composite materials. However, how they attach wood together might be difficult since the wood-cement consistency ratio must be determined first in order to make the proper cement paste combination.
The suitability of wood and cement is determined using a variety of approaches. This comprises determining the strength, morphology, and interfacial connection of cement and wood, as well as assessing their humidity.
The solution is straightforward. The choice of construction materials in Malaysia has a significant influence on the structure’s efficiency. Even if a construction crew is skilled, if the resources are inexpensive and inadequate, the structure will have several difficulties and will not survive long.
Regrettably, the proper selection of construction materials is frequently disregarded. Many project managers are prone to cutting shortcuts and overlooking the usage of high-quality materials. Choosing alternate materials that aren’t as excellent as the initial decision is frequently motivated by cost. Clients must realize, however, that by utilizing the best materials, they may provide the finest quality structure to their renters. This also assures the building’s safety and long-term viability.